En óptica, un interferómetro de Fabry-Pérot, o Etalon está, normalmente, constituido por una placa con dos superficies reflectantes, o dos espejos paralelos. volo per applicazioni in campo astronomico da satellite. Viene presentato l’ interferometro di. Fabry-Pérot all’interno del quadro degli spettroscopi per uso. Media in category “Fabry-Pérot interferometer”. The following 37 files are in this category, out of 37 total. Airy distribution of a Fabry-Perot.

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It is named after Charles Fabry and Alfred Perotwho developed the instrument in The underlying Lorentzian lines can peerot resolved as long as the Taylor criterion is obeyed see figure “The physical meaning of the Lorentzian finesse”.

Interferômetro de Fabry-Pérot

Therefore, the Airy distribution becomes the underlying fundamental function and the intreferometro delivers a sum of Airy distributions. Its transmission spectrum as a function of wavelength exhibits peaks of large transmission corresponding to resonances of the etalon.

The phase difference between each successive transmitted pair i. For an asymmetrical cavity, that is, one with two different mirrors, the general form of the transmission function is. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Therefore, an often applied Airy distribution is [6].

However, this approach is physically misleading, because it assumes that interference takes place between the outcoupled beams after mirror 2, outside the resonator, rather than the launched and circulating beams after mirror 1, inside the resonator. The intensity of the beam will be just t times its complex conjugate.

Category:Fabry-Pérot interferometer – Wikimedia Commons

The field transmitted after the first propagation and the smaller and smaller fields transmitted after each consecutive propagation through the resonator are. The second term is proportional to a wrapped Lorentzian distribution so that the transmission function may be written as a series of Lorentzian functions:.


Retrieved from ” https: Due to the angle dependence of the transmission, the peaks can also be shifted by rotating the etalon with respect to the beam.

Resonances occur at frequencies at which light exhibits constructive interference after one round trip. Etalons are widely used in telecommunicationslasers and spectroscopy to control and measure the wavelengths of light. In the oblique incidence case, the finesse will depend on the polarization state of the beam, since the value of “R”, given by the Fresnel equationsis generally different for p and s polarizations.

As the ray passes through the paired flats, it is multiply reflected to produce multiple transmitted rays which are collected by the focusing lens and brought to point A’ on the screen.

intercerometro Since it is interference that modifies the spectral contents, the spectral intensity distribution inside the resonator would be the same as the incident spectral intensity distribution, and no resonance enhancement would occur inside the resonator. Physically, the Airy distribution is the sum of mode profiles of the longitudinal resonator modes.

A related device is the Gires—Tournois etalon. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The generic Airy distribution, which considers solely the physical processes exhibited by light intwrferometro the resonator, then derives as the intensity circulating in the resonator relative to the intensity launched, [6]. If the two beams are out of phase, only a small portion of the launched light is stored inside the resonator.

Perto article needs additional citations for verification. The incident amplitude at point a is taken to be one, and phasors are used to represent the amplitude of the radiation.

Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Constructive interference occurs if the two beams are in phase ee, leading to resonant enhancement of light inside the resonator. In contrast to the exact solution above, it leads to. May Learn how and when to remove this template message.


At point c the transmitted amplitude will be. Two beams are shown in the diagram at the right, one of which T 0 is transmitted through the etalon, and the other of which T 1 is reflected twice before being transmitted. This page was last edited on 2 Novemberat Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits 2nd ed. Once the internal resonance enhancement, the generic Airy distribution, is established, all other Airy distributions can be deduced by simple scaling factors.

Etalons with high finesse show sharper transmission peaks with lower minimum transmission coefficients. The transmitted amplitude at point b will then be. October Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Whereas the photon decay time is still a well-defined quantity, the linewidth loses its meaning, because it resembles a spectral bandwidth, whose value now changes within that very bandwidth.

The amplitude can be rewritten as. The measurable case of the intensity resulting from the interference of both backward-propagating electric fields results in the Airy distribution [6]. For the reference standard, see Standard metrology. In a typical system, illumination is provided by a diffuse source set at the focal plane of a collimating lens. If the reflectivity is high, resulting in a high Q factormonochromatic light produces a set of narrow bright rings against a dark background.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Photoniques in French In the derivation below, n is the index of refraction inside the etalon, and n 0 is that outside the etalon.