Guiera senegalensis is a semi-evergreen to evergreen shrub, usually growing 1 – 3 metres tall, with occasional specimens up to 5 metres. The whole plant is. Guiera senegalensis is an evergreen Shrub growing to m (8ft) by m (8ft) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium. Guiera senegalensis J. F. Gmel. [family COMBRETACEAE]. Herbarium. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Collection. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.

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A chloroform extract of the roots exhibited a pronounced antimalarial activity against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro and displayed low toxicity.

The XO activities with xanthine as the substrate were measured gujera using the procedure reported by Filha et al. The hydroacetonic extract showed the most potent antioxidant activity in FRAP method The plant extract is prepared by boiling the leaves or soaking them in water [ 4 ].

Further pharmacological activities antimicrobial properties for example of leaves of Guiera senegalensis have also been shown Kudi et al.

More research is needed to investigate if there is any side effect when the extract is taken orally. Therefore, the interest in traditional medicinal plants will continue to grow as emerging infectious diseases continue to expand, and the numbers of drug buiera microbes continue to escalate.

The optimal level of browse introduction in the diet of sheep was The results of this preliminary investigation suggests that the medicinal plant extract may be safe to use senrgalensis a drink for treatment of various diseases as has been practiced for years in the villages of Western Sudan. Also, the plant is a pioneer species and is often found growing on very poor and degraded land. The importance of Gs in traditional medicine became more apparent with the recent increase in fungal infections in Africa, and elsewhere.

Since, antioxidant mechanisms are diverse, a variety of in vitro techniques has been developed. Guiwra powdered leaves are added to a snuff taken for headache and sinusitis[ ]. The bark yields a gum which is marketed[ ].


Botanical characterization of Guiera senegalensis leaves.

The fruits are used for hiccups. You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box. When grown as a companion senegalensia with millet water drawn up by Guiera senegalensis during the night is excreted by its roots and available to the millet, dramatically increasing its yield.

Inhibitors of lipoxygenase from orange peel. However, there is no correlation between totals senegalemsis content and anti- lipid peroxidation activity. April 07, Citation: Also more research needed to evaluate the potential effectiveness of the crude extracts as the antimicrobial agents. The formation of stable foam was taken as an indication for the presence of saponins [ 12 ].

Guiera – Wikipedia

The proposed mechanisms for their action include 1 direct radical scavenging, 2 inhibition of enzymes, such as NO-synthase, xanthine oxidasecyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase, 3 iron chelation and 4 direct inhibition of lipid senegalensix Xanthopoulou et al.

Ten brine shrimp larvae were then placed in each of the three duplicate vials. The Crude extract of GS leaves powder was boiled with 2 ml of 0. Extracts of Leaves, shoots and galls of Gs were found to be useful against bacteria and fungi infections in Burkinabe folk medicine [ 7 ].

Quercetin and gallic acid were used as the positives controls.

March 30, Published: Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Physiology. Leafy stems have been found to contain traces of alkaloids and tannins[ ]. For many decades the range of this plant has been spreading further south to areas with wetter conditions[ ]. Inhibition of XO activities decreases the uric acid levels and results in an anti-hyperuricemic effect Zhu et al.

This page was last modified on 24 Octoberat Abstract The galls of Guiera senegalensis J.

Guiera senegalensis (PROTA) – PlantUse English

Malaysia Journal Medical Science 6: A range of phytochemical compounds have been isolated from different plant parts. All the reactions were performed in triplicate. The hydroacetonic and the aqueous decoction extracts were respectively dissolved in distilled water and successively extracted senegalensiis ethyl acetate, butanol.


It is considered an indicator of overgrazing.

Violet color appearance will suggest the presence of amino acids and proteins [ 12 ]. In Burkina Faso traditional medicine, this plant is used to treat some diseases like cough, dysentery, malaria, diabetes and hypertension.

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It is better to use different assays based on different mechanisms to evaluate the antioxidant capacity. The roots are commonly split and used as chew-sticks and tooth-picks[ ].

The anti-peroxidative effects of the extracts were not also correlated with their totals phenolic and totals flavonoid contents. This senegxlensis in agreement with Ref.

The leaves, roots and galls of Guiera senegalensis are extensively harvested for their medicinal use. Ascorbic acid, is a well known antioxidant polar compound, its antioxidant activity was not proved by this method. In the Sudan, Gs is locally known as Ghubaysh of which the leaves extract and the roots powder are used for treatment of a variety and diseases guierq wounds, respectively.

To ensure good fermentation of local beer crushed leaves are sometimes added in the cooking. This study also showed the presence of different phytochemicals whose biological activity can senetalensis of valuable therapeutic index.

However, the findings of the present study are not in agreement with that found by Ref. Staden JV, Grobbelaar N The effect of Sesbanimide and Sesbania seed extracts on germination and seedling growth of a number of plant species. The ability of the extracts or fractions to reduce iron from the form III to the form II was assessed with the method of Hinneburg et al.