Dialogisme, polyphonie et intertextualité dans le dialogue romanesque Abstract: The concept of dialogism is used in this paper in the spirit of Bakhtin’s work. Remarques sur le dialogisme et la polyphonie. 6, > Olsen. Remarques sur le dialogisme et la polyphonie. Michel Olsen. Full Text: PDF. Dialogisme et polyphonie: Actes du colloque (Dialogue Theory and Polyphony: Proceedings of a Colloquium, Neuchatel, Switzerland, September , ).
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Abstract The aim of the present thesis is to develop a theoretical and methodological framework for the study of polyphony in discourse, and to apply it to the analysis of a speech by French President Nicolas Sarkozy to the European Parliament EP.
The Scandinavian theory of linguistic polyphony ScaPoLine describes the manner in diaogisme different linguistic markers — such as reported speech, epistemic modality, pragmatic connectives and negations — signal voices which do not correspond to that of the speaker at the time of utterance. The identity of this individual or collective is not linguistically encoded, but might be inferred with the help of co n textual information.
However, the presence of such voices does not depend on specific linguistic markers. Inspired by the philosophy of the Russian semiotician Mikhail Bakhtin, the linguistic theory of praxematics considers the presence of such voices to be a ubiquitous phenomenon. Discourse is fundamentally dialogical. No one speaks in complete isolation from what has been said before or without considering how the message will be received. The question is how this property of discourse can be theoretically described and systematically analysed.
Dialogisme, polyphonie et intertextualité dans le dialogue romanesque | BDD-A | Diacronia
How can one analyse that which is everywhere? Imagine telling an unsuspecting friend: He would likely wonder who has said otherwise. The theoretical discussion is followed by the development of cialogisme methodological framework for the analysis of discursive polyphony.
The challenge is both to explain the interpretation of utterances containing polyphonic markers in dialogisms n text, as well as to account for possible polyphonic interpretations of utterances which do not contain such markers.
The modular approach developed by the Geneva school of discourse analysis represents a systematic analytical tool, by treating discourse as a complex phenomenon which consists of several linguistic, textual and situational subsystems, or modules.
In the analysis of discursive polyphony, the linguistic phase based on the ScaPoLine is coupled with the analysis of the relation between different parts of the text structure e.
By doing so, he positions himself between federalist and nationalist voices in the EP, thereby striking a conciliatory note. Linguistically monophonic, the utterance gives rise to other voices in light of co n textual factors.
In this case, Sarkozy is in opposition to a collective Euro-sceptic voice, while aligning himself with a federalist and interventionist voice. The notion of discursive polyphony can serve to describe how voices are mobilised and constructed strategically in verbal interactions, by means of both linguistic and discursive mechanisms.
Publisher The University of Bergen.