Its botanical name was in recent years changed to Carissa congesta Wight (syn. C. carandas Auct., formerly widely shown as C. carandas L.). It is called kerenda . Carissa carandas L. [excluded] Show All Show Tabs karanda. General Information. Symbol: CACA Group: Dicot. Family: Apocynaceae. Duration. Synonym. Carissa salicina Lam. Synonym. Echites spinosus Burm.f. Synonym. Jasminonerium carandas (L.) Kuntze. Synonym. Jasminonerium salicinum (Lam.) .
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Carissa carandas is a species of flowering shrub in the dogbane family Apocynaceae. It produces berry -sized fruits that are commonly used as a condiment in Indian pickles and spices.
It is a hardy, drought-tolerant plant that thrives well in a wide range of soils.
Common names in English include Bengal currantChrist’s thorn carandas plum and karanda. The supposed varieties congesta and paucinervia actually acrandas to the related conkerberry C.
It flourishes well in regions with high temperatures. It also grows anturally in Afghanistan and Bangladesh.
Plants Profile for Carissa carandas (karanda)
It also grows in the Sri Lanka lowland rain forests. The plant is grown from seed sown in August and September.
Vegetative propagation also is practiced in the form of budding and inarching. Cuttings may also succeed. The first monsoon shower is planting time.
Plants raised from seed start bearing two years after planting. Isolation of many terpenoids has been reported. It is rich in iron,  vitamin C,  vitamins A,  calcium  and phosporus.
Carissa carandas L. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal
Its fruit is used in the ancient Indian herbal system of medicine, Ayurvedicto treat acidity, indigestion, fresh and infected wounds, skin diseases, urinary disorders and diabetic ulcer,  as well as biliousness, stomach pain, constipation, anemia, skin conditions, anorexia and insanity. In India, the mature fruit is harvested for Indian pickles. It contains pectin and accordingly is a useful ingredient in chutney. Ripe fruits exude a white latex when severed from the branch.
Colonial British in India also made jelly, jams and syrups from it. It was use in the Great Hedge of India CE because it is easy to grow, draught resistant and sturdy shrub that grows in a varity of soil, is also ideal for hedgesas it growing rapidly, densely and needs little attention. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Carissa carandas Scientific classification Kingdom: An Illustrated Dictionary Springer Berlin; pg.
Retrieved 27 May Phytochemical constituents, traditional use and pharmacological properties ; 3: The structure of carissone. Monatshefte fuer Chemie The structure of carindone.
Triterpenoidal constituents of the leaves of Carissa carandas. Retrieved from ” https: Articles with ‘species’ microformats. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.
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