Class: Eudicots. Order: Malpighiales. Family: Rhizophoraceae. Genus: Bruguiera . Species: B. cylindrica. Common Names: Bakau Putih. Status: Native, Common. Bakau putih. Bruguiera cylindrica. Family Rhizophoraceae Southeast Asia to Australia. Locally, in various sites. Tree up to 20 m tall with buttresses and kneed . Bruguiera cylindrica is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow up to 23 metres tall, though it is usually rather smaller. The bole can be up to 20 – 30cm in .

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Small flowers, several in a cluster on one stalk. Sungei Buloh Besar, Apr Tassels on petal tips. Sungei Buloh Besar, Jun Sepals on propagules bend towards stalk. Sungei Buloh, Apr Make your own badge here. This is probably bruvuiera most commonly seen tree in our mangroves.

It is particularly common in the back mangroves. It has been described as characteristic of newly established substrates and able to withdstand prolonged submersion.


It may form pure stands. It was formerly called B.

Tree to about 20m, but those seen along our nature trails often almost short shrubs about 1m, to short trees to m. Bark greyish with small corky bumps lenticels.

Bruguiera cylindrica

Short buttresses and also knee roots. Leaves eye-shaped cm long stiff leathery glossy, arranged opposite one another.

Stipules pale yellow or greenish. Flowers small 1cmemerging from one short stalk. Calyx cup-shaped pale greenish or white with 8 stout, long lobes. Petals thin, white tipped with tassels. The petals turn brown rapidly. According to Tomlinson, the flowers are pollinated by day flying insects such as butterflies. The petals of the flower hold loose cylinndrica and are under tension.

When probed at the base, the petal unzips bruguierra scatter a cloud of pollen over the head of the visiting insect. Propagule develops on the parent plant: Light green ripening to purple, the hypocotyl is often slightly curved.

Bruguiera cylindrica – Wikipedia

Although it usually produces abundant propagules and a tree is often festooned with many cyindrica them, the tree itself grows slowly. According to the NParks Flora and Fauna website, the tree is the preferred local food plant for caterpillars of the moth Olene mendosa. According to Burkill, the propagules are occasionally eaten after boiling, and according to Giersen eaten with sugar and coconut.


Fishermen do not like to use the wood for buguiera as they say it has a peculiar smell that frightens fishes away.

According to Giersen, the timber is heavy and bruguierra. Bakau putih on Singapore shores. Photos Bakau putih for free download from wildsingapore flickr. Distribution in Singapore on this wildsingapore flickr map. Bruguiera cylindrica on the NParks Flora and Fauna website: Yong and Yuen- Po Yang. Want to share your sightings?