Armies of the Adowa Campaign has 18 ratings and 3 reviews. Erik said: Another garage sale gem, I cannot possibly give a higher rating for this Ospre. The Battle of Adwa was fought on 1 March between the Ethiopian Empire and the The Italian army then occupied the Tigrayan capital, Adwa. In January , Baratieri’s .. Armies of the Adowa Campaign Osprey Puiblishing. p. : Armies of the Adowa Campaign The Italian Disaster in Ethiopia (Men-at-Arms) () by Sean McLachlan and a great.
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Open Preview See a Problem? Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Armies of the Adowa Campaign In the late 19th century, the new nation-state of Italy was eager to join her European neighbors tne creating an international empire.
Italy’s eyes turned towards Africa as a source of potential colonies. Most of adoaw continent had already been carved up between the Great Powers but Italy succeeded in securing a foothold in Eritrea on the Red Sea coast, a vassal of the Emper In the late 19th century, the armues nation-state of Italy was eager to join her European neighbors in creating an international empire. Most of the continent had already campagn carved up between the Great Powers but Italy succeeded in securing a foothold in Eritrea on the Red Sea coast, a vassal of the Emperor of Ethiopia.
Trade and other links were established with the Ethiopian empire but quarrels regarding zdowa interpretation of a particular clause led to Ethiopian support for uprisings in Eritrea. Italian troops entered northern Ethiopia and captured Adowa, the capital of the Tigray province. Full-scale war broke out and this new Osprey title tracks every development in the battle and the men who fought in it. Paperback48 pages. Published September 20th by Osprey Publishing first published January 1st Osprey Men at Arms To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.
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May 10, Erik rated it it was amazing. Another garage sale gem, I cannot possibly give a camaign rating for this Osprey series book. This is about as perfect as possible for an entry level book on the Italian affairs in Africa. Very well written, a multitude of photographs showing the real terrain and period images of the troops, and some of the finest color plates you will ever see.
McLachlan paints a vivid picture of the setting, and gives a great deal of insights into the Ethiopian politics and leadership struggles. The Italian Another garage sale gem, I cannot possibly give a higher kf for this Osprey series campsign. The Italians are given a lesser amount of details, but essential orders of battle and technical data is in abundance.
The story portrayed here is one showing the importance of intel, the importance of clear communications, and the fickle nature of luck.
Armies of the Adowa Campaign The Italian Disaster in Ethiopia by Sean McLachlan
The Italians had generally handled the Adwa fairly easily and fought very well in the numerous earlier engagements. The failure to scout the Ethiopian army meant they did not realize armeis massively outnumbered they were. Not a problem per se, as they were almost always outnumbered but generally fielded superior firepower.
The communications breakdowns were the real disaster maker. Messages with vague and unclear orders and statements led officers to be out of intended positions, unable to support each other.
Referencing a hill by a name that was also used for another hill several miles further away was simply bad luck and translation problems. The real bad luck was the timing Had the Italians waited another few hours or a day, they would have been sitting in easily defended positions facing frontal assaults where their superior firepower would have been decisive and devastating.
Battle of Adwa
By coming out into the open, the superior numbers of the Ethiopians could be brought to bear and overwhelmed the scattered groups of advancing Italians. This book is a great primer for more detailed readings, and has many excellent references. A person looking to get introduced to armjes story would be hard pressed to find better. This book earns a full 5 Stars, and really is well worth the read. I enjoyed it tremendously, and will be looking at more by this author for campaigb.
Dec 10, Jur rated it it was amazing Shelves: Armies of the Adowa Campaign gives an excellent overview of prelude, campaign and 18966 in McLachlan obviously knows his stuff, with good descriptions of the battlefield and the Ethiopian army. As far as I’m concerned, it’s a pity that it was not published in the Campaign series because I would have loved more maps of the battlefield. Italy was drawn into the Red Sea region through trading ties on the coast of Eritrea and with a little encouragement of the British the Italian government se Armies of campaifn Adowa Campaign gives an excellent overview of prelude, campaign and battle in Italy was drawn into the Red Sea region through trading ties on the coast of Eritrea and with a little encouragement of the British the Italian government set official foot on African soil in It expanded this foothold in following years, increasing its investment in troops to overcome Ethiopian resistance.
A major coup was achieved when Adoqa supported young pretender Menelik in his claims to the Ethiopian throne in in return for parts of the inland or Tigre. However, Menelik immediately tried to undermine the Italian campaogn by fomenting local rebellion.
The Italians, distracted by Mahdist attacks from the Sudan, only took the conflict into the open in late Although the Italians quickly dealt with the rebellion, it was clear that a confrontation with Menelik was only a matter of time.
In SeptemberMenelik mobilised his army and later began the march into Italian territory, dealing with a few forts before reaching Adowa halfway February, where the Italian army was waiting in strong positions. They had come out to meet Menelik’s army without waiting for the arrival of all reinforcements sent from Italy. Therefore the Ethiopians outnumbered the Italians and their Sudanese and local auxiliaries byto 15, with equal campaitn of artillery. About 80, Ethiopians were armed with rifles.
After two weeks of waiting to make the first move, both sides were low on supplies. In the end the Italians were the first to give in and make their catastrophic advance, hoping to force battle before being forced to withdraw. The Ethiopians seem to have been equally ready to move.
The story of the battle is reasonably simple. The Italians mainly did themselves in through an over complicated arowa plan that left them exposed to tue defeated in detail.
The day consists of three separate engagements where parts of the Italian were overwhelmed by the Ethiopian army. Given the heavy Ethiopian casualties a more coherent disposition might have won the Italians the battle.
This came as a big shock to all Italians as defeats of European forces were rare. In the previous years xrmies Italians had won out over sizable Ethiopian and Mahdist forces.
Armies of the Adowa Campaign 1896: The Italian Disaster in Ethiopia
That leads to an interesting comparison with the British experience at Omdurman two years later. The Italians were not as solid as Kitchener’s army, having a large contingent of newly arrived conscripts and being under equipped due to a lack of funds.
The Sudanese askari in Italian service seem to have performed well, though. On the other side, the Ethiopians were more advanced than the Mahdists, having more guns and cannon. This was mainly due to Menelik’s statecraft. Higher tax revenues allowed him to import firearms in greater numbers than tye northern neighbours. But the battle is important in its own right.
It proves that, with better government and adoption of western technology, Ethiopia could maintain its independence against European encroachment.
It also showed the weakness of Italy. Britain had suffered defeats at the hands of African xampaign like the Zulus and the Mahdi, but always came back. For its part, Italy could not. After Adowa, it didn’t have the strength, cammpaign the will to avenge the defeat. This didn’t mean it learned its lessons. In Italy found itself in over its head after invading Libya. And with a large part of its active army involved in Libya, it was badly positioned to involve itself in the Great War.
Scope – big Completeness — fair Appeal or high Accuracy –not able to judge The late nineteenth and early twentieth armied were the age of imperialism.
It was during this period that many of the more developed, more powerful, primarily European nations engaged in campaigns of conquest and control throughout the lesser developed, primarily African and Armies of the Adowa CampaignOsprey Men at Arms It was during this period that many of the more developed, more powerful, primarily European nations engaged in campaigns of conquest and control throughout the lesser developed, primarily African and Asian portions of the world.
Few really understand that in Asia, for instance, every nation armied Japan which modernized quickly and became a colonial power itself and Thailand which managed to maintain independence by playing the French against the British were colonized in whole or in part. In Africa, the exceptions were Liberia which had a strange history as it became dominated adoaa returning African-Americans and Ethiopia which maintained its independence until the Italian conquest shortly before world war two.
Which begs the question, how did Ethiopia maintain its independence? The answer lies in this book. In the late nineteenth century, Italy was a recently united nation, not terribly respected by many of its neighbors and considered to kf behind its peers in terms of gaining colonies. The Italians sought to gain colonies in the region of Ethiopia, Eretria, and Somalia as well as portions of north Africa.
In Ethiopia, the Italians began a large campaign of conquest and colonization. Although it was common for African and Asian people to resist such colonization efforts, the Ethiopians not only fought back, but they fought back successfully, defeating and humiliating a large Italian army composed largely of African Askaris recruited on the continent and keeping their nation independent from Italian control.
Many claim that of all the colonial battles this is 1986 only incident where a European nation was defeated and never returned to avenge that defeat. Like most of the Osprey books on obscure conflicts, armues one begins with a 24 page overview of the conflict.
In this brief space it gives a fairly good description of what happened and why the two nations involved were fighting. The Ethiopian army is covered in 13 armoes. Logistics, weapons, and composition of the army is covered fairly well.