Le rapport décrit et analyse ces mesures, indique le niveau de conformité du Brésil avec les Recommandations (40+9) du GAFI et fait des recommandations sur. Le rapport décrit et analyse ces mesures, indique le niveau de conformité de l’ Inde avec les Recommandations (40+9) du GAFI et fait des recommandations sur . indique le niveau de conformité de l’Arabie saoudite avec les Recommandations (40+9) du GAFI et fait des recommandations sur les mesures à prendre pour.
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This Bill has been approved by the Senate and is currently under consideration in the House of Representatives.
Recommandations GAFI – Groupe d’Action Financière (GAFI)
Brazil has significantly enhanced its ability to prosecute money laundering ML offences by implementing a system of Specialised Federal Courts which bring together federal prosecutors and judges specialised and with experience in handling cases involving ML and other financial crimes.
The main sources of proceeds of crime in Brazil are corruption and crimes against the national financial system, including fraud and capital flight. Drug trafficking, weapons trafficking, organised crime, smuggling and embezzlement of governmental money are also important sources of illegal proceeds.
The ML risks are higher in relation to the border areas and the informal economy. The banking sector is perceived to face greater ML risk in the business areas of foreign exchange recommandatiojs private banking.
ML risk has been detected in the securities sector through the use of a broker to deposit funds and conduct stock market transactions. Some cases of illicit drugs being exchanged for precious stones have xu detected, although this is uncommon, as profit margins for precious stones sold on the open market are relatively low because most of the precious stone trade conducted in Brazil is carried out on the wholesale export market and the retail market is residual.
No ML cases have been detected in the closed pension funds sector.
The government of Brazil has been working to mitigate the risk of terrorist financing FT in its territory. Such work has been carried out in close co-operation with other interested governments and allows to keep under strict surveillance all activities considered to be of higher risk.
Initiatives such as regional intelligence recommandatkons, joint operations and exchange of information, among others, are used to identify, prevent and disrupt activities that could be related to terrorism and its financing.
The ML offence is largely in line with international requirements; however, overall the number of final sentences and convictions is low, given the size of the country and the sophistication of xu financial system.
Brazil has not criminalised terrorist financing as a stand alone offence in a manner that is consistent with the international requirements.
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SinceBrazil has pursued a strategy recommandatikns enhancing its systems for applying provisional measures and confiscation. Overall, the statistics show a sufficient number of seizures, but a relatively low number of confiscations.
Brazil has effective mechanisms to facilitate policy and operational co-operation at the domestic level, particularly through the ENCCLA mechanism. Systems for providing mutual legal assistance are not impacted by deficiencies in the criminalisation of terrorist financing because Brazil can provide MLA in the absence of dual criminality and has demonstrated its ability to do so in practice.
Money laundering is an extraditable offence.
Preventative measures apply to all financial institutions, dealers in precious metals and stones, and real estate agents who are legal persons. However, the extent to which such measures are elaborated is much less robust outside of the banking including money remittance and foreign exchange reconmandations, securities and insurance sectors. All financial institutions are subject to comprehensive requirements to identify politically exposed persons PEPskeep records and report suspicious transactions.
Banking, securities and insurance institutions are required to identify beneficial owners. Key recommendations made to Brazil include: